SECTION 1. QUALIFIED VOTERS. Every citizen of the
United States who is at least eighteen years of age, who
meets registration residency requirements which may be
prescribed by law, and who is qualified to vote under this
article, may vote in any state or local election. A voter
shall have been, immediately preceding the election, a
thirty day resident of the election district in which he
seeks to vote, except that for purposes of voting for
President and Vice President of the United States other
residency requirements may be prescribed by law. Additional
voting qualifications may be prescribed by law for bond
issue elections of political subdivisions.
SECTION 2. DISQUALIFICATIONS. No person may vote who
has been convicted of a felony involving moral turpitude
unless his civil rights have been restored. No person may
vote who has been judicially determined to be ofunsound mind
unless the disability has been removed.
SECTION 3. METHODS OF VOTING; ELECTION CONTESTS.
Methods of voting, including absentee voting, shall be
prescribed by law. Secrecy of voting shall be preserved. The
procedure for determining election contests, with right of
appeal to the courts, shall be prescribed by law.
SECTION 4. VOTING PRECINCTS; REGISTRATION. The
legislature may provide a system of permanent registration
of voters, and may establish voting precincts within
SECTION 5. GENERAL ELECTIONS. General elections shall
be held on the second Tuesday in October of every
even-numbered year, but the month and day may be changed by
SECTION 1. ELECTION DISTRICTS. Members of the
house of representatives shall be elected by the qualified
voters of the respective election districts. Until
reapportionment, election districts and the number of
representatives to be elected from each district shall be as
set forth in Section 1 of Article XIV.
SECTION 2. SENATE DISTRICTS. Members of the senate
shall be elected by the qualified voters of the respective
senate districts. Senate districts shall be as set forth in
Section 2 of Article XIV, subject to changes authorized in
SECTION 3. REAPPORTIONMENT OF HOUSE. The governor
shall reapportion the house of representatives immediately
following the official reporting of each decennial census of
the United States. Reapportionment shall be based upon
civilian population within each election district as
reported by the census.
SECTION 4. METHOD. Reapportionment shall be by the
method of equal proportions, except that each election
district having the major fraction of the quotient obtained
by dividing total civilian population by forty shall have
SECTION 5. COMBINING DISTRICTS. Should the total
civilian population within any election district fall below
one-half of the quotient, the district shall be attached to
an election district within its senate district, and the
reapportionment for the new district shall be determined as
provided in Section 4 of this article.
SECTION 6. REDISTRICTING. The governor may further
redistrict by changing the size and area of election
districts, subject to the limitations of this article. Each
new district so created shall be formed of contiguous and
compact territory containing as nearly as practicable a
relatively integrated socioeconomic area. Each shall contain
a population at least equal to the quotient obtained by
dividing the total civilian population by forty.
Consideration may be given to local government boundaries.
Drainage and other geographic features shall be used in
describing boundaries wherever possible.
SECTION 7. MODIFICATION OF SENATE DISTRICTS. The
senate districts, described in Section 2 of Article XIV, may
be modified to reflect changes in election districts. A
district, although modified, shall retain its total number
of senators and its approximate perimeter.
SECTION 8. REAPPORTIONMENT BOARD. The governor shall
appoint a reapportionment board to act in an advisory
capacity to him. It shall consist of five members, none of
whom may be public employees or officials. At least one
member each shall be appointed from the Southeastern,
Southcentral, Central, and Northwestern Senate Districts.
Appointments shall be made without regard to political
affiliation. Board members shall be compensated.
SECTION 9. ORGANIZATION. The board shall elect one of
its members chairman and may employ temporary assistants.
Concurrence of three members is required for a ruling or
determination, but a lesser number may conduct hearings or
otherwise act for the board.
SECTION 10. REAPPORTIONMENT PLAN AND PROCLAMATION.
Within ninety days following the official reporting of each
decennial census, the board shall submit to the governor a
plan for reapportionment and redistricting as provided in
this article. Within ninety days after receipt of the plan,
the governor shall issue a proclamation of reapportionment
and redistricting. An accompanying statement shall explain
any change from the plan of the board. The reapportionment
and redistricting shall be effective for the election of
members of the legislature until after the official
reporting of the next decennial census.
SECTION 11. ENFORCEMENT. Any qualified voter may
apply to the superior court to compel the governor, by
mandamus or otherwise, to perform his reapportionment duties
or to correct any error in redistricting or reapportionment.
Application to compel the governor to perform his
reapportionment duties must be filed within thirty days of
the expiration of either of the two ninety-day periods
specified in this article. Application to compel correction
of any error in redistricting or reapportionment must be
filed within thirty days following the proclamation.
Original jurisdiction in these matters is hereby vested in
the superior court. On appeal, the cause shall be reviewed
by the supreme court upon the law and the facts.