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Article III

The Executive Branch

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SECTION 1. EXECUTIVE POWER. The executive power of the State is vested

in the governor.


SECTION 2. GOVERNOR'S QUALIFICATIONS. The governor shall be at least

thirty years of age and a qualified voter of the State. He shall have

been a resident of Alaska at least seven years immediately preceding his

filing for office, and he shall have been a citizen of the United States

for at least seven years.


SECTION 3. ELECTION. The governor shall be chosen by the qualified

voters of the State at a general election. The candidate receiving the

greatest number of votes shall be governor.


SECTION 4. TERM OF OFFICE. The term of office of the governor is four

years, beginning at noon on the first Monday in December following his

election and ending at noon on the first Monday in December four years



SECTION 5. LIMIT ON TENURE. No person who has been elected governor for

two full successive terms shall be again eligible to hold that office

until one full term has intervened.


SECTION 6. DUAL OFFICE HOLDING. The governor shall not hold any other

office or position of profit under the United States, the State, or its

political subdivisions.


SECTION 7. LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR DUTIES. There shall be a lieutenant

governor. He shall have the same qualifications as the governor and

serve for the same term. He shall perform such duties as may be

prescribed by law and as may be delegated to him by the governor.


SECTION 8. SAME - ELECTION. The lieutenant governor shall be nominated

in the manner provided by law for nominating candidates for other

elective offices. In the general election the votes cast for a candidate

for governor shall be considered as cast also for the candidate for

lieutenant governor running jointly with him. The candidate whose name

appears on the ballot jointly with that of the successful candidate for

governor shall be elected lieutenant governor.


SECTION 9. ACTING GOVERNOR. In case of the temporary absence of the

governor from office, the lieutenant governor shall serve as acting



SECTION 10. SUCCESSION; FAILURE TO QUALIFY. If the governor-elect dies,

resigns, or is disqualified, the lieutenant governor elected with him

shall succeed to the office of governor for the full term. If the

governor- elect fails to assume office for any other reason, the

lieutenant governor elected with him shall serve as acting governor, and

shall succeed to the office if the governor-elect does not assume his

office within six months of the beginning of the term.


SECTION 11. VACANCY. In case of a vacancy in the office of governor for

any reason, the lieutenant governor shall succeed to the office for the

remainder of the term.


SECTION 12. ABSENCE. Whenever for a period of six months, a governor has

been continuously absent from office or has been unable to discharge the

duties of his office by reason of mental or physical disability, the

office shall be deemed vacant. The procedure for determining absence and

disability shall be prescribed by law.


SECTION 13. FURTHER SUCCESSION. Provision shall be made by law for

succession to the office of governor and for an acting governor in the

event that the lieutenant governor is unable to succeed to the office or

act as governor. No election of a lieutenant governor shall be held

except at the time of electing a governor.



governor succeeds to the office of governor, he shall have the title,

powers, duties and emoluments of that office.


SECTION 15. COMPENSATION. The compensation of the governor and the

lieutenant governor shall be prescribed by law and shall not be

diminished during their term of office, unless by general law applying

to all salaried officers of the State.


SECTION 16. GOVERNOR'S AUTHORITY. The governor shall be responsible for

the faithful execution of the laws. He may, by appropriate court action

or proceeding brought in the name of the State, enforce compliance with

any constitutional or legislative mandate, or restrain violation of any

constitutional or legislative power, duty, or right by any officer,

department, or agency of the State or any of its political subdivisions.

This authority shall not be construed to authorize any action or

proceeding against the legislature.


SECTION 17. CONVENING LEGISLATURE. Whenever the governor considers it in

the public interest, he may convene the legislature, either house, or

the two houses in joint session.


SECTION 18. MESSAGES TO LEGISLATURE. The governor shall, at the

beginning of each session, and may at other times, give the legislature

information concerning the affairs of the State and recommend the

measures he considers necessary.


SECTION 19. MILITARY AUTHORITY. The governor is commander-in-chief of

the armed forces of the State. He may call out these forces to execute

the laws, suppress or prevent insurrection or lawless violence, or repel

invasion. The governor, as provided by law, shall appoint all general

and flag officers of the armed forces of the State, subject to

confirmation by a majority of the members of the legislature in joint

session. He shall appoint and commission all other officers.


SECTION 20. MARTIAL LAW. The governor may proclaim martial law when the

public safety requires it in case of rebellion or actual or imminent

invasion. Martial law shall not continue for longer than twenty days

without the approval of a majority of the members of the legislature in

joint session.


SECTION 21. EXECUTIVE CLEMENCY. Subject to procedure prescribed by law,

the governor may grant pardons, commutations, and reprieves, and may

suspend and remit fines and forfeitures. This power shall not extend to

impeachment. A parole system shall be provided by law.


SECTION 22. EXECUTIVE BRANCH. All executive and administrative offices,

departments, and agencies of the state government and their respective

functions, powers, and duties shall be allocated by law among and within

not more than twenty principal departments, so as to group them as far

as practicable according to major purposes. Regulatory, quasi-judicial,

and temporary agencies may be established by law and need not be

allocated within a principal department.


SECTION 23. REORGANIZATION. The governor may make changes in the

organization of the executive branch or in the assignment of functions

among its units which he considers necessary for efficient

administration. Where these changes require the force of law, they shall

be set forth in executive orders. The legislature shall have sixty days

of a regular session, or a full session if of shorter duration, to

disapprove these executive orders. Unless disapproved by resolution

concurred in by a majority of the members in joint session, these orders

become effective at a date thereafter to be designated by the governor.


SECTION 24. SUPERVISION. Each principal department shall be under the

supervision of the governor.


SECTION 25. DEPARTMENT HEADS. The head of each principal department

shall be a single executive unless otherwise provided by law. He shall

be appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation by a majority of

the members of the legislature in joint session, and shall serve at the

pleasure of the governor, except as otherwise provided in this article

with respect to the secretary of state. The heads of all principal

departments shall be citizens of the United States.


SECTION 26. BOARDS AND COMMISSIONS. When a board or commission is at the

head of a principal department or a regulatory or quasi-judicial agency,

its members shall be appointed by the governor, subject to confirmation

by a majority of the members of the legislature in joint session, and

may be removed as provided by law. They shall be citizens of the United

States. The board or commission may appoint a principal executive

officer when authorized by law, but the appointment shall be subject to

the approval of the governor.


SECTION 27. RECESS APPOINTMENTS. The governor may make appointments to

fill vacancies occurring during a recess of the legislature, in offices

requiring confirmation by the legislature. The duration of such

appointments shall be prescribed by law.

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