SECTION 1. LEGISLATIVE POWER; MEMBERSHIP. The
legislative power of the State is vested in a legislature
consisting of a senate with a membership of twenty and a
house of representatives with a membership of forty.
SECTION 2. MEMBERS' QUALIFICATIONS. A member of the
legislature shall be a qualified voter who has been a
resident of Alaska for at least three years and of the
district from which elected for at least one year,
immediately preceding his filing for office. A senator shall
be at least twenty-five years of age and a representative at
least twenty-one years of age.
SECTION 3. ELECTION AND TERMS. Legislators shall be
elected at general elections. Their terms begin on the
fourth Monday of the January following election unless
otherwise provided by law. The term of representatives shall
be two years, and the term of senators, four years. One-half
of the senators shall be elected every two years.
SECTION 4. VACANCIES. A vacancy in the legislature
shall be filled for the unexpired term as provided by law.
If no provision is made, the governor shall fill the vacancy
SECTION 5. DISQUALIFICATIONS. No legislator may hold
any other office or position of profit under the United
States or the State. During the term for which elected and
for one year thereafter, no legislator may be nominated,
elected, or appointed to any other office or position of
profit which has been created, or the salary or emoluments
of which have been increased, while he was a member. This
section shall not prevent any person from seeking or holding
the office of governor, secretary of state, or member of
Congress. This section shall not apply to employment by or
election to a constitutional convention.
SECTION 6. IMMUNITIES. Legislators may not be held to
answer before any other tribunal for any statement made in
the exercise of their legislative duties while the
legislature is in session. Members attending, going to, or
returning from legislative sessions are not subject to civil
process and are privileged from arrest except for felony or
breach of the peace.
SECTION 7. SALARY AND EXPENSES. Legislators shall
receive annual salaries. They may receive a per diem
allowance for expenses while in session and are entitled to
travel expenses going to and from sessions. Presiding
officers may receive additional compensation.
SECTION 8. REGULAR SESSIONS. The legislature shall
convene in regular session each year on the fourth Monday in
January, but the month and day may be changed by law. The
legislature shall adjourn from regular session no later than
one hundred twenty consecutive calendar days from the date
it convenes except that a regular session may be extended
once for up to ten consecutive calendar days. An extension
of the regular session requires the affirmative vote of at
least two-thirds of the membership of each house of the
legislature. The legislature shall adopt as part of the
uniform rules of procedure deadlines for scheduling session
work not inconsistent with provisions controlling the length
of the session.
SECTION 9. SPECIAL SESSIONS. Special sessions may be
called by the governor or by vote of two-thirds of the
legislators. The vote may be conducted by the legislative
council or as prescribed by law. At special sessions called
by the governor, legislation shall be limited to subjects
designated in his proclamation calling the session, to
subjects presented by him, and the reconsideration of bills
vetoed by him after adjournment of the last regular session.
Special sessions are limited to thirty days.
SECTION 10. ADJOURNMENT. Neither house may adjourn or
recess for longer than three days unless the other concurs.
If the two houses cannot agree on the time of adjournment
and either house certifies the disagreement to the governor,
he may adjourn the legislature.
SECTION 11. INTERIM COMMITTEES. There shall be a
legislative council, and the legislature may establish other
interim committees. The council and other interim committees
may meet between legislative sessions. They may perform
duties and employ personnel as provided by the legislature.
Their members may receive an allowance for expenses while
performing their duties.
SECTION 12. RULES. The houses of each legislature
shall adopt uniform rules of procedure. Each house may
choose its officers and employees. Each is the judge of the
election and qualifications of its members and may expel a
member with the concurrence of two-thirds of its members.
Each shall keep a journal of its proceedings. A majority of
the membership of each house constitutes a quorum to do
business, but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day
and may compel attendance of absent members. The legislature
shall regulate lobbying.
SECTION 13. FORM OF BILLS. Every bill shall be
confined to one subject unless it is an appropriation bill
or one codifying, revising, or rearranging existing laws.
Bills for appropriations shall be confined to
appropriations. The subject of each bill shall be expressed
in the title. The enacting clause shall be: "Be it enacted
by the Legislature of the State of Alaska."
SECTION 14. PASSAGE OF BILLS. The legislature shall
establish the procedure for enactment of bills into law. No
bill may become law unless it has passed three readings in
each house on three separate days, except that any bill may
be advanced from second to third reading on the same day by
concurrence of three-fourths of the house considering it. No
bill may become law without an affirmative vote of a
majority of the membership of each house. The yeas and nays
on final passage shall be entered in the journal.
SECTION 15. VETO. The governor may veto bills passed
by the legislature. He may, by veto, strike or reduce items
in appropriation bills. He shall return any vetoed bill,
with a statement of his objections, to the house of
SECTION 16. ACTION UPON VETO. Upon receipt of a veto
message during a regular session of the legislature, the
legislature shall meet immediately in joint session and
reconsider passage of the vetoed bill or item. Bills to
raise revenue and appropriation bills or items, although
vetoed, become law by affirmative vote of three-fourths of
the membership of the legislature. Other vetoed bills become
law by affirmative vote of two-thirds of the membership of
the legislature. Bills vetoed after adjournment of the first
regular session of the legislature shall be reconsidered by
the legislature sitting as one body no later than the fifth
day of the next regular or special session of that
legislature. Bills vetoed after adjournment of the second
regular session shall be reconsidered by the legislature
sitting as one body no later than the fifth day of a special
session of that legislature, if one is called. The vote on
reconsideration of a vetoed bill shall be entered on the
journals of both houses.
SECTION 17. BILLS NOT SIGNED. A bill becomes law if,
while the legislature is in session, the governor neither
signs nor vetoes it within fifteen days, Sundays excepted,
after its delivery to him. If the legislature is not in
session and the governor neither signs nor vetoes a bill
within twenty days, Sundays excepted, after its delivery to
him, the bill becomes law.
SECTION 18. EFFECTIVE DATE. Laws passed by the
legislature become effective ninety days after enactment.
The legislature may, by concurrence of two-thirds of the
membership of each house, provide for another effective
SECTION 19. LOCAL OR SPECIAL ACTS. The legislature
shall pass no local or special act if a general act can be
made applicable. Whether a general act can be made
applicable shall be subject to judicial determination. Local
acts necessitating appropriations by a political subdivision
may not become effective unless approved by a majority of
the qualified voters voting thereon in the subdivision
SECTION 20. IMPEACHMENT. All civil officers of the
State are subject to impeachment by the legislature.
Impeachment shall originate in the senate and must be
approved by a two-thirds vote of its members. The motion for
impeachment shall list fully the basis for the proceeding.
Trial on impeachment shall be conducted by the house of
representatives. A supreme court justice designated by the
court shall preside at the trial. Concurrence of two-thirds
of the members of the house is required for a judgment of
impeachment. The judgment may not extend beyond removal from
office, but shall not prevent proceedings in the courts on
the same or related charges.
SECTION 21. SUITS AGAINST THE STATE. The legislature
shall establish procedures for suits against the State.