The final report on the Barnette Street Archaeological Project  presents the results of five years of research on the early 20th century historic archaeology of Fairbanks, Alaska. This project was funded by the Federal Highway Administration and administered by the Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities as part of a Section 106 testing and mitigation program associated with a proposed bridge across the Chena River. Research was undertaken by Hart Crowser, Inc., in association with Northern Land Use Research, Inc. of Fairbanks.
    This recently-completed research of the Fairbanks waterfront has refined our understanding of the community's transition from frontier trading post to urban center during the early 20th Century. The Barnette Street Archaeological Project comprised the excavation of a pre-1904 cabin, the cellars of two early saloons, and the Northern Commercial Company dock and warehouse, all located within the core of the town's original commercial district. More than 100,000 well-preserved artifacts were recovered, including much material relating to waterfront saloon life (e.g., full whiskey and beer bottles, coins, trade tokens, gaming pieces, condiment containers, and a gold poke bearing the label of the Washington-Alaska bank). Data derived from archaeological and historical sources help to characterize cultural aspects of the early saloons, gold-rush driven selection and transportation of goods, construction techniques, and the town's continual struggle with floods and fires. Interpretation of gold rush and steamboat era material culture suggests that urbanization took place rapidly during the heyday of the early bonanza mining period. Fairbanks was, in effect, on the periphery of the Klondike sphere of influence during its earliest two to three years, but quickly became the core and urban center for the burgeoning Fairbanks Mining District.
    The final report on the project is being released on compact disk. This interactive CD-ROM combines text, hundreds of color photographs,  black and white photographs, tables, graphs, artifact descriptions, an illustrated trademark and manufacturer mark catalog, and a summary of the project database. The CD is expected to be released on an initial run of 1,000 copies in late 1998.

Report Title: Historic Development of the Chena River Waterfront, Fairbanks, Alaska: An Archaeological Perspective. Edited and Compiled by Peter Bowers and Brian Gannon (1998) Alaska Department of Transportation and Public Facilities, Fairbanks (Report on CD-ROM).

Historic Development of the Chena River Waterfront
Fairbanks, Alaska: An Archaeological Perspective

"Click on the CD above to view the report"

As a public educational service, we have included parts of the Barnette CD final report on the NLUR web site. Because the CD file size is so large, it is not practical to include the entire document, and we have had to reduce the resolution of photographs. We have included the introductory sections: "About", "Help", "Database Overview", and "Report Table of Contents". Included also is the text of the Prologue by noted Alaskan Historian Dr. Terrence Cole, as well as the introductory sections to several of the book's chapters. A full list of Project Participants and Acknowledgements is given in Appendix A11. Finally, we have posted just a few example photographs and illustrations out of the hundreds contained on the CD. We hope you enjoy this introduction to the Barnette Archaeology Project; if you're interested in ordering the CD, please contact us.

To obtain further information or to request a copy of the CD, contact:

Peter M. Bowers
Northern Land Use Research, Inc.
P.O. Box 83990
Fairbanks, Alaska 99708
Phone: (907) 474-9684

If you are interested in any of our technical reports or publications, send an email request to
Northern Land Use Research, Inc.,

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