SURVIVAL EQUIPMENT LIST
Alaskan Survival Kit Regulations require that no airman may make a flight inside the state with an aircraft unless the following listed emergency equipment is carried:
For all single engine and for multiengine aircraft licensed to carry 15 passengers or less, the minimum equipment to be carried during summer months is as follows:
- food for each occupant sufficient to sustain life for two weeks
- one axe or hatchet
- one first aid kit
- one pistol, revolver, shotgun or rifle and ammunition for same.
- one small gill net and an assortment of tackle such as hooks, flies,
lines, sinkers, etc.
- one knife
- two small boxes of matches
- one mosquito headnet for each occupant
- two small signalling devices such as colored smoke bombs, railroad fuses or very pistol shells, in sealed metal containers
In addition to the above, the following must be carried as minimum
equipment from October 15 to April 1 of each year:
- one pair of snowshoes
- one sleeping bag
- one wool blanket for each occupant over four
As you can see, the Alaskan regulations are minimal and do not address much in the way of specifics or quality.
Canadian Survival Kit Regulations
Canada used to have pretty stringent regulations regarding required survival gear. They recently revised the regulations. The portions of the current version applicable to those flying to the Convention follows. The former version, a fairly good guide for what may be considered acceptable, is included at the end.
Flights over Land - In Canadiaqn legalease, no person shall operate an aircraft over land unless there is carried on board survival equipment, sufficient for the survival on the ground of each person on board, given the geographical area, the season of the year and anticipated seasonal climatic variations, that provides the means for:
- starting a fire;
- providing shelter;
- providing or purifying water; and
- visually signalling distress.
If you plan to carry firearms in your aircraft, including as part of your Alaska survival equipment, be aware that hand guns and fully automatic weapons are not legal to be carried or worn in Canada. (They will seize your airplane!) As for any rifles or shotguns, the barrel must be longer than 18 inches and the overall length must be greate than 26 inches. When entering Canada you must declare each firearm with Customs or face severe penalties if caught.
Mace and pepper spray are also not allowed in Canada.
Old Canadian Regulations (no longer in force but good info.) - Emergency Equipment for Flights in Sparsely Settled Areas (most of the area north of 52 degrees North latitude is designated as "Sparsely Settled")
- Food having a caloric value of at least 10,000 calories per person carried, not subject to deterioration by heat or cold and stored in a sealed waterproof container bearing a tag or label on which the operator of the aircraft or his representative has certified the amount and satisfactory condition of the food in the container following an inspection made not more than 6 months prior to the flight.
- Cooking utensils.
- Matches in a waterproof container.
- A stove and a supply of fuel or a self-contained means of providing heat for cooking when operating north of the tree line.
- A portable compass.
- An axe of at least 2 1/2 pounds or 1 kilogram weight with a handle of not less than 28 inches or 70 centimeters in length. (typically referred to as a "Hudson Bay" axe).
- A flexible saw blade or equivalent cutting tool.
- Snare wire of at least 30 feet or 9 meters and instructions for its use.
- Fishing equipment including still fishing bait and a gill net of not more than a 2 inch or 3 centimeter mesh.
- Mosquito nets or netting and insect repellant sufficient to meet the needs of all persons carried when operating in an area where insects are likely to be hazardous.
- Tents or engine and wing covers of a suitable design, coloured or having panels coloured in international orange or other high visibility colour, sufficient to accommodate all persons when operating north of the tree line.
- Winter sleeping bags sufficient in quantity to accommodate all persons carried when operating in an area where the mean daily temperature is likely to be 7 degrees C (approx. 45 degrees F) or less.
- Two pairs of snow shoes when operating in areas where the ground snow cover is likely to be 12 inches or 30 centimeters of more.
- A signalling mirror.
- At least 3 pyrotechnical distress signals.
- A sharp jack-knife or hunting knife of good quality.
- A suitable survival instruction manual.
- Conspicuity panel.
The following are suggested as useful additional equipment:
- Spare Axe Handle
- Honing stone or file
- Ice chisel
- Snow knife or snow saw
- Snow shovel
- Flashlight with spare bulbs and batteries
- Pack sack